The Sub-National Governance (SNG) programme, a five-year DFID-funded initiative, was designed to improve the capacity of two Provincial Governments in Pakistan – Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) – to respond more efficiently and effectively to the public service needs of local communities. The programme’s primary areas of focus included implementation of governance policies, efficient public financial management, and investment in innovations in governance to improve access to and satisfaction with basic public services. The initiative incorporated an iterative and collaborative approach, which encouraged participation and feedback from a range of stakeholders to achieve relevant and effective results.
The SNG programme was piloted in a total of twelve districts in the provinces of Punjab KP, with six pilot districts selected from each province. In Punjab – Sheikhupura, Hafizabad, Mandi Bahauddin, Sahiwal, Vehari, and Bahawalnagar. In KP – Haripur, Nowshera, Buner, D I Khan, Lakki Marwat, and Karak. The project team in each province worked with the local authorities to strengthen governance at the district level. These led to demand-driven solutions relevant to the different provincial contexts. The programme employed a range of methodologies to assess needs, understand key political influences and target service delivery priorities.
The SNG programme was managed by Oxford Policy Management (OPM), working in partnership with the Governments of KP and Punjab, and delivered together with partner organisations led by Coffey and Abacus. OPM is a global development consultancy committed to helping low- and middle-income countries achieve growth and reduce poverty and disadvantage through public policy reform. The SNG programme was led by the OPM Pakistan office, which provides support to the federal government, all four provincial governments, and numerous district governments.
The Programme teams provided technical assistance in the following key areas to help district governments of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa better plan, budget and target services. The programme supports the achievement of these objectives by enabling delivery of three programme-level outputs:
- Public Financial Management (PFM) and planning systems improved;
- Devolved systems, processes and budgets better focused on service delivery; and
- Support for innovative experiments, some of which substantially improved service delivery.
Work streams of SNG
The core policy areas of the Programme were:
- Public Financial Management (PFM)
- Decentralisation and Local Governance
- Planning and Governance
- District Delivery Challenge Fund (DDFC)
The governments of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab were SNG’s primary partners. Moreover, to help them improve public services, SNG worked with a number of key provincial government departments, including:
- Planning and Development Department (www.pndkp.gov.pk, www.pndpunjab.gov.pk)
- Finance Department (www.financekpp.gov.pk, www.finance.punjab.gov.pk)
- Local Government Department (www.lgkp.gov.pk/, www.lgcd.punjab.gov.pk/)
- Health Department (www.healthkp.gov.pk, www.health.punjab.gov.pk)
- Education Department (www.kpese.gov.pk, schools.punjab.gov.pk)
- District Governments in 12 SNG districts