Geographic Information System (GIS)
Geographic information system (GIS) is a significant tool for planning and monitoring of service delivery to meet our goal of strengthening sub-national governments’ responsiveness to people’s needs, capability to deliver basic services, and use of evidence for decision making.
The GIS is being piloted in
- Sheikhupura and Vehari in Punjab
- Karak and Haripur in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
What is GIS?
GIS involves geo-coding data and placing it on maps generated through a variety of formats including satellite imagery, in ways that allow spatial analysis of the data, i.e. understanding where things are and how they relate to each other. ArcGIS is the software used for the generation of maps with multiple data layers for visualization and communication of spatial and non-spatial information.
GIS-based needs analysis and evidence-based planning
District governments are planning more efficiently and expending their resources more wisely thanks to GIS-based needs analysis. Specifically, in health and education, GIS is assisting district governments in a variety of ways including:
- Mapping of locations of existing girls’ and boys’ schools and identification of settlements without schools
- Rationalizing the utilization of existing schools (closure and merger plans, moving students and teachers from overcrowded to under-utilized schools etc.)
- Increasing gross enrollment rates for girls and minorities
- Mapping the spatial coverage of all types of health facilities
- Monitoring various KPIs including infant mortality rates and rates of access to antenatal and post-natal care
- Identifying disease patterns
- Assessing the types of services that should be but are not present in facilities
The GIS cells have generated other maps based on the requirements of the district government, including maps of flood-prone areas or areas that have been recently flooded; maps of current and proposed development schemes; agricultural indicators; illegal settlements , water and sanitation systems, electoral boundaries, jurisdictions of individual police stations, etc.