Improving Transparency & Accountability

Promoting good governance through greater transparency

We work with provincial and district governments to promote transparency, accountability and citizens’ participation in the budgeting process to improve governance by making budgets more responsive to communities’ needs. Improving the transparency of the budgetary process and making it more accountable to the people entails the following:

  • Reviewing the existing budget practices to assess local government’s performance on recognized parameters and recommending reformatory initiatives for improving performance. The parameters include:
  1. Availability of the budget information both at the time of allocation and consistently throughout the spending process
  2. Opportunity for local communities to participate in the budgeting process
  3. Independent and effective oversight and audit institutions
  • Assisting government institutions in establishing effective mechanisms for pre-budget consultations to enhance public participation in the decision-making process.
  • Supporting efforts for effective and timely dissemination of the budget information among local communities.
  • Supporting transition to output-based budgeting to enhance the efficiency of government spending by delineating clear targets for improvements in service delivery based on public opinion.
  • Continuous monitoring of the expenditure to analyze its impact on service delivery outcomes and on people’s well being.


The 1st ever budget transparency reviews were carried out in Khyber Pakhtukhwa and Punjab to see how transparent their budget processes and information are for the general public.

The  1st  ever  Citizens’  Budget   launched  in  both   Khyber Pakhtukhwa  and  Punjab,  explaining   the  provincial   budget   to  the  public  simply  and  concisely.

Punjab’s OBI  score increased from 55 to 63 as a result of  improvement in budget transparency.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s OBI score increased from 44 to 60  as a result of improvement in budget transparency.