Publications Punjab

Since the beginning of the Sub-National Governance (SNG) Programme, the Punjab team adopted an effective communication and outreach strategy for its conventional (print & electronic) and digital media. The SNG Punjab team focussed on the development of knowledge products, including brochures, policy briefs, toolkits, handbooks, video documentaries and quarterly new-letters among others.

As part of its outreach strategy, the SNG Punjab team developed products to enable the delivery of the following programme-level outputs:

  • Improved Public Financial Management (PFM) and planning systems
  • Devolved systems, processes and budgets better focused on service delivery
  • Supported innovative experiments, some of which have substantially improved service delivery

These publications can be viewed and downloaded in PDF format.

Public Financial Management

DDCF Position Paper

The Position Paper on Innovation Challenge Funds documents the lessons learnt from the District Delivery Challenge Fund (DDCF) of the Sub-National Governance (SNG) Programme in Pakistan.

Budget Transparency Handbook

The handbook provides guidance on international good practices on eight key budget reports to be published at various points in the budget cycle.

Medium Term Fiscal Framework (MTFF) Toolkit

The toolkit is prepared to forecast government’s revenues, expenditures and debts.

Training Manual F​​or Planners

The Training Manual is function focused and public sector oriented, developed on the matrix of the earlier published Punjab Planning Manual 2015.

Government of the Punjab has published the Citizens’ Budget 2015-16 with the technical support of the Sub-National Governance Program. The Citizens’ Budget, published both in English and Urdu, presents the provincial budget 2015-16 in a simple and lucid manner. It highlights the salient features of the budget in a manner that is easy for a layman to understand. The objective of this document is to enhance transparency and accountability in public financial management.

For urdu version click here

Under the aegis of SNG, governments of KP and Punjab published Citizens’ budget , making them the first sub-national governments in Pakistan to do so. This one-pager on the concept and importance of citizens’ budget illustrates guidelines for the production of citizens’ budget including its content and dissemination.

The SNG Program worked closely with the provincial government of Punjab to support the development of ‘The Citizens’ Budget 2014-15’. This was the first time ever that a Citizens’ Budget was produced in Pakistan, demonstrating an effective way through which the government holds itself accountable to the public.

Annual Review Reports

DFID carries out Annual Reviews of all of its programs to assess progress against program objectives, to check if the program is on track, and to determine if any adjustments need to be made. The DFID Annual Review of the SNG Program 2014-15, was undertaken in March 2015.

Budget Transparency Review Reports

The Budget Transparency Review (BTR) was conducted by the SNG Programme in collaboration with the Omar Asghar Khan Foundation (OAKF) and the Finance Department, Government of the Punjab. It uses the Open Budget Survey (OBS) methodology to assess the contents and timely release of eight key budget documents. The objectives of the review were to benchmark transparency of budget information in Punjab and provide recommendations to improve the quality and accessibility of budget information with a view to achieving a more responsive public finance system.

Needs Assessment Reports

SNG Program conducted a health sector needs assessment in district Sahiwal to identify the gaps and issues in access, coverage and quality of primary health service delivery at BHUs. The aim was to identify the real needs of the people especially women, children and marginalized groups; and suggest pragmatic and practicable solutions to bridge these gaps and improve service delivery.

SNG Program conducted a health sector needs assessment in district Hafizabad to identify the gaps and issues in access, coverage and quality of primary health service delivery at BHUs. The aim was to identify the real needs of the people especially women, children and marginalized groups; and suggest pragmatic and practicable solutions to bridge these gaps and improve service delivery.

SNG Program conducted a health sector needs assessment in district Bahawalnagar to identify the gaps and issues in access, coverage and quality of primary health service delivery at BHUs. The aim was to identify the real needs of the people especially women, children and marginalized groups; and suggest pragmatic and practicable solutions to bridge these gaps and improve service delivery.

SNG Program conducted a health sector needs assessment in district Sheikhupura to identify the gaps and issues in access, coverage and quality of primary health service delivery at BHUs. The aim was to identify the real needs of the people especially women, children and marginalized groups; and suggest pragmatic and practicable solutions to bridge these gaps and improve service delivery.

SNG Program conducted a health sector needs assessment in district Vehari to identify the gaps and issues in access, coverage and quality of primary health service delivery at BHUs. The aim was to identify the real needs of the people especially women, children and marginalized groups; and suggest pragmatic and practicable solutions to bridge these gaps and improve service delivery.

SNG Program conducted a health sector needs assessment in district Mandi Bahauddin to identify the gaps and issues in access, coverage and quality of primary health service delivery at BHUs. The aim was to identify the real needs of the people especially women, children and marginalized groups; and suggest pragmatic and practicable solutions to bridge these gaps and improve service delivery.

SNG Programme has developed a toolkit to train district level staff to do needs assessment and prepare evidence based-budgets. Preparation of budgets on the basis of evidence of citizens’ needs would ensure that every allocation in the budget is justified, which is a departure from the previous method of incremental budgeting. This toolkit can also serve as a reference document for any user undertaking needs assessments and evidence-based budgets.

Budget Proposals

A review and analysis of budgetary allocations for primary health care (PHC) sector was carried out for district Bahawalnagar. On the basis of these analyses budget proposals were prepared for the district government to enable them to improve service delivery in PHC. This report provides a brief situation analysis of PHC in the district, gives a review of the current budget of the district and provide recommendation for budget allocations to cater to needs of women, children and the marginalized groups.

A review and analysis of budgetary allocations for primary health care (PHC) sector was carried out for district Hafizabad. On the basis of these analyses budget proposals were prepared for the district government to enable them to improve service delivery in PHC. This report provides a brief situation analysis of PHC in the district, gives a review of the current budget of the district and provide recommendation for budget allocations to cater to needs of women, children and the marginalized groups.

Policy Briefs

The Sub-National Governance Program (SNG), Punjab, conducted a needs assessment study in Bhawalnagar districts to assess gaps in primary health care service delivery. The study identified the needs of the citizens, especially women, children and marginalized groups of the district in primary health care (PHC) sector and after district budget analysis made recommendations to align the PHC budget to meet these needs.

The Sub-National Governance Program (SNG), Punjab, conducted needs assessment study in Hafizabad districts to assess gaps in primary health care service delivery. The study identified the needs of the citizens, especially women, children and marginalized groups of the district in primary health care sector and after district budget analysis made recommendations to align the district sector budget to meet these needs.

Reports on GIS

The SNG Program initiated support and establishment of GIS monitoring mechanisms to enhance the adoption of evidence-based decision-making processes at provincial and district levels. The GIS will initially provide advanced software tools and applications for Geo-education and Geo-health data analysis in the education and health sectors of selected pilot districts, primarily through the use of existing data-sets.

The SNG Program established GIS cells in Sheikhupura and Vehari districts on a pilot basis to enhance district governments’ responsiveness to people’s needs in health and education sectors. Since their inauguration, these cells have enhanced the district governments’ capacity to monitor, plan and deliver services, not just in health and education but in other sectors as well.

Challenge Fund

The District Delivery Challenge Fund (DDCF) brochure 2013 – 2017 documents the achievements of seven pilots initiated in Punjab for improved public service delivery in Education and Health sector, as part of the SNG programme. The brochure also shares the important lessons which contributed towards its success.

The SNG programme’s Challenge Fund seeks to contribute to the goal of improvement in basic service delivery by providing funds for testing innovative models of services delivery in health and education sectors on a limited scale. This policy brief gives a summary of Round I (education)and Round II(health) pilot projects in Punjab.

The SNG Programme in collaboration with the Punjab Information Technology Board (PITB) organized ‘Punjab Innovation Showcase’, an event to display innovative pilot projects in health and education sectors. This report contains highlights of the event and as well as a brief account of the projects displayed by the SNG Programme at the event which included the 7 DDCF pilots and the use of GIS technology to improve decision-making and service delivery in districts.