Punjab Province

Showcasing and highlighting SNG Programme focused districts

BAHAWALNAGAR

Area

8878 square kilometres

Population

2,743,346 (51% Male, 49% Female)

Literacy Ratio

35.1% (23.78% Male, -% Female)

Tehsils

5

Source: Pakistan Bureau of Statisticts, PDS, MICS 2011

VEHARI

Area

4364 square kilometres

Population

2,803,000 (51.85% Male, 48.15% Female)

Literacy Ratio

36.8% (49.40% Male, 23.18% Female)

Tehsils

3

Source: Pakistan Bureau of Statisticts, PDS, MICS 2011

SAHIWAL

Area

3210 square kilometres

Population

2,338,000 (51.78% Male, 48.27% Female)

Literacy Ratio

43.9% (54.72% Male, 32.25% Female)

Tehsils

2

Source: Pakistan Bureau of Statisticts, PDS, MICS 2011

SHEIKHUPURA

Area

3242 square kilometres

Population

3,321,029 (52.06 % Male, 47.94% Female)

Literacy Ratio

47.8% (53.28% Male, 33.33% Female)

Tehsils

5

Source: Pakistan Bureau of Statisticts, PDS, MICS 2011

HAFIZABAD

Area

2367square kilometres

Population

1,069,000 (52% Male, 48% Female)

Literacy Ratio

40.7% (51.8% Male, 28.7% Female)

Tehsils

2

Source: Pakistan Bureau of Statisticts, PDS, MICS 2011

MANDI BAHAUDDIN

Area

2673square kilometres

Population

1,430,000 (51.19% Male, 48.81% Female)

Literacy Ratio

47.4% (58.77% Male, 35.64% Female)

Tehsils

3

Source: Pakistan Bureau of Statisticts, PDS, MICS 2011

Province Information

Punjab is the most populous province of Punjab (population according to the last census conducted in 1998 is 7,25,85,00). It has 36 districts and 127 tehsils/towns with an overall literacy rate of 59.6%. (source: Punjab Portal)

Punjab is currently undergoing the transition from the existing governance system to the system of local governance envisaged in the Punjab Local Government Act (PLGA), 2013.

The Government of Punjab is implementing the Sub-National Governance (SNG) Programme with the assistance of the UK’s Department for International Development which aims to improve the delivery of basic services in health and education in six districts. These include northern districts of Sheikhupura, Hafizabad and Mandi-Bahauddin and southern districts of Vehari, Sahiwal and Bahawalngar.

The goals are to ensure use of evidence in decision-making by sub-national governments, improve their responsiveness to people’s needs, and enhance their capacity to deliver basic services.

Budget transparency and accessibility

The practice of developing the Citizens’ Budget in English and in Urdu has been institutionalized due to Budget Transparency Review conducted by the SNG Programme.

Public Financial Management Reforms

Institutional reforms such as the establishment of a Tax Policy Unit, Debt Management Unit and Corporate Finance Unit in the Finance Department are a part of the PFM Reform Strategy introduced by the SNG programme

Transition to local government system

Rules were drafted for District Education Authorities (DEAs) and District Health Authorities (DHAs) to support implementation of the Punjab Local Government Act, 2013.

The Provincial Finance Commission (PFC) Award distribution formula was finalized in consultation with stakeholders and a simulation model was developed to enable the Provincial Finance Commission and Finance Department to explore options independently.

Transforming district budgets

District primary health care (PHC) budgets have been transformed from incremental to evidence based budgeting through Needs Assessments and budget proposals. This has been strengthened through intervention in primary budget execution and flow of funds to service delivery units and implementation of PETS recommendations.

Geographic Information System (GIS)

Adoption of GIS has enabled district governments to make evidence-based decisions by carrying out needs assessment and prioritizing and planning interventions, identifying appropriate schemes for allocation of resources and tracking progress against interventions and monitoring service delivery. District governments have been using GIS as a decision-making tool in

  • Health
  • Education
  • Other Sectors

See also

Use of GIS as a problem-solving and decision-making in Sheikhupura and Vehari.

Strengthening provincial planning

SNG Programme provided technical assistance for the revision of the Punjab Planning Manual and Guidelines for preparing Annual Development Plans (ADPs)

Building Capacities

Training workshops have been conducted to build capacities of senior district officials for evidence-based decision-making and improving the delivery of services.

Consultations with stakeholders

Extensive consultations are carried out with stakeholders to gather evidence of citizens’ need.

Gender and social development (GSD) strategy

SNG Programme has a cross-cutting gender and social strategy which provides a structured and systematic approach to mainstreaming gender and social development.

District Delivery Challenge Fund

Three primary education pilots were awarded grants under Round 1 while four health care pilots have been awarded grants under Round 2.

 

Round 1

Round 2